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UFC 3: The American Dream, commonly referred to as simply UFC 3, was a mixed martial arts event held by the Ultimate Fighting Championship on September 9, 1994, at Grady Cole Center in Charlotte, North Carolina. The event was seen live on pay-per-view in the United States, and was later released on home video, on both VHS and, eventually, DVD.

HistoryEdit

UFC 3 used an eight-man tournament format, with the winner receiving $60,000. The tournament had no weight classes or weight limits. Each match had no time limit or rounds; therefore no judges were used for the night. Competitors could only win a match by submission, throwing in the towel, knockout, or referee stoppage. The referee for the night was "Big" John McCarthy.

Replacement fighter Steve Jennum won the tournament by defeating Harold Howard via submission due to strikes, despite only fighting in the finals. Jennum was a replacement for Ken Shamrock, who made it to the finals but withdrew due to a knee injury. This was the first UFC tournament that was not won by Royce Gracie (who could not continue due to fatigue). After Jennum won the UFC 3 tournament as an alternate, the UFC instituted alternate qualifying bouts to balance out fatigue, and lessen the advantage that alternates previously had entering the tournament without fighting quarterfinal bouts.

ResultsEdit

QuarterfinalsEdit

Hackney wins via submission due to strikes at 1:59.
Shamrock wins via submission due to strikes at 4:49.
Howard wins via knockout at 0:46.
Gracie wins via submission due to an armbar at 4:40. Due to fatigue and dehydration sustained during the fight, Gracie was unable to continue in the tournament.

SemifinalsEdit

Shamrock wins via submission due to a rear naked choke at 4:36. Mitchell was a replacement for Hackney, who could not continue due to injury.
Howard wins by forfeit due to Gracie withdrawing from the tournament. With no additional alternate fighters remaining, Howard automatically advanced to the final round of the tournament.

FinalsEdit

Jennum defeated Howard via submission due to strikes at 1:31. Jennum was a replacement for Ken Shamrock. Shamrock made it to the finals, but withdrew due to injury. Subsequent media coverage has suggested that Shamrock pulled out of the tournament as he had no interest in fighting the final against anyone but Royce Gracie.

UFC 3 bracketEdit

  Quarterfinals Semifinals Final
                           
   United States flag Keith Hackney W  
 United States flag Emmanuel Yarborough L  
   United States flag Felix Lee Mitchell[1] L  
   United States flag Ken Shamrock W  
 United States flag Ken Shamrock W
   United States flag Christopher Leninger L  
     United States flag Steve Jennum[2] C
   Canada flag Harold Howard L
   Canada flag Harold Howard W  
 United States flag Roland Payne L  
   Canada flag Harold Howard W
   Brazil flag Royce Gracie[3] L  
 Brazil flag Royce Gracie W
   United States flag Kimo Leopoldo L  

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. Keith Hackney was forced to withdraw due to injury. He was replaced by Felix Lee Mitchell.
  2. Ken Shamrock was forced to withdraw due to injury and was replaced by Steve Jennum.
  3. Royce Gracie was forced to withdraw due to fatigue. His corner threw in the towel just as the fight was about to start. Because he didn't withdraw, but conceded after entering the ring, no alternate was used.

External linksEdit

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